National Higher Education System
According to the Framework Law (2007), higher education consists of two parallel sectors: the University sector (Universities, Polytechnics, Fine Arts Schools, the Open University) and the Technological sector (Technological Education Institutions (TEI) and the School of Pedagogic and Technological Education).
The same law regulates issues concerning governance of higher education along the general lines of increased participation, greater transparency, accountability and increased autonomy.
There are also State Non-university Tertiary Institutes offering vocationally oriented courses of shorted duration (2 to 3 years) which operate under the authority of other Ministries.
Entrance to the various Schools of the Universities (Panepistimio) and Technological Education Institutions (Technologiko Ekpaideftiko Idryma –TEI) depends on the general score obtained by Lyceum graduates on the Certificate, on the number of available places (numerous clausus) and on the candicates’ ranked preferences among schools and sections
Students who successfully complete their studies in universities and TEI are awarded a Ptychio (first cycle degree). First cycle programmes last from four years for most fields to five years for engineering and certain other applied science fields and six years for medicine. The Ptychio leads to employment or further study at the post-graduate level that includes the one year second cycle leading to the second degree, Metaptychiako Diploma Eidikefsis-equivilent to the Master’s degree-and the third cycle leading to the doctorate degree, Didaktoriko Diploma.
Recent legislation on quality assurance in Higher Education, the Creidt Transfer System and the Diploma Supplement defines the framework and criteria for evaluation of university departments and for certification of student degrees. These measures aim at promoting student mobility and contributing to the creation of a European Higher Education Area.